Tag Archives: PubMed

Neonatal Stress, Health, and Development in Preterms: A Systematic Review

CONCLUSIONS: Neonatal stress has a profound impact on the health and development of preterm infants, and physicians involved in their treatment and follow-up should be aware of this fact. Continue reading

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International trade and Covid-19: City-level evidence from China’s lockdown policy

This paper examines the impact of Covid-19 lockdowns on exports by Chinese cities. We use city-level export data at a monthly frequency from January 2018 through April 2020. Differences-in-differences estimates suggest cities in lockdown experienced a ceteris paribus 34 percentage points reduction in the year-on-year growth rate of exports. The lockdown impacted the intensive and extensive margin, with higher exit and lower new entry into foreign markets. The drop in exports was smaller in (i)… Continue reading

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Infective endocarditis caused by Enterobacteriaceae: phenotypic and molecular characterization of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

The etiological agent for infective endocarditis (IE), a life-threatening disease, is usually gram-positive bacteria. However, gram-negative bacteria can rarely cause IE and 4% of cases are associated with morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to characterize Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from the blood of patients with IE. The characteristics of blood isolates were compared with those of urinary isolates from patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs). The results… Continue reading

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The adult heart requires baseline expression of the transcription factor Hand2 to withstand RV pressure overload

CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac-specific depletion of Hand2 is associated with severe cardiac dysfunction in conditions of RV pressure overload. While inhibiting Hand2 expression can prevent cardiac dysfunction in conditions of LV pressure overload, the same does not hold true for conditions of RV pressure overload. This study highlights the need to better understand the molecular mechanisms driving pathological remodeling of the RV in contrast to the LV, in order to better diagnose and treat patients with… Continue reading

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A novel transcriptomic-based classifier for senescent cancer cells

The inability to unequivocally identify senescent cancer cells is hindering the development of novel anticancer therapies using senolytic compounds. In a recent study in Cell Reports, Jochems et al. used a machine-learning approach to generate a classifier for senescent cancer cells based on transcriptional signatures. Continue reading

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Refined diagnostic criteria for bone marrow mastocytosis: a proposal of the European competence network on mastocytosis

In the current classification of the World Health Organization (WHO), bone marrow mastocytosis (BMM) is a provisional variant of indolent systemic mastocytosis (ISM) defined by bone marrow involvement and absence of skin lesions. However, no additional diagnostic criteria for BMM have been proposed. Within the registry dataset of the European Competence Network on Mastocytosis, we compared characteristics and outcomes of 390 patients with BMM and 1175 patients with typical ISM. BMM patients were… Continue reading

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Pharmacokinetically-guided dosing to improve the efficacy of brigatinib in non-small cell lung cancer patients

Brigatinib was recently approved for the treatment of anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive non-small cell lung cancer and is dosed according to a one-dose-fits-all paradigm. We aimed to identify a pharmacokinetically-guided precision dosing strategy to improve treatment response with brigatinib through simulations using a previously published pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model. Dosing strategies explored were the approved 180mg QD, the highest tolerable dose tested in clinical trials: 240mg… Continue reading

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Variation in human herpesvirus 6B telomeric integration, excision and transmission between tissues and individuals

Human herpesviruses 6A and 6B (HHV-6A/6B) are ubiquitous pathogens that persist lifelong in latent form and can cause severe conditions upon reactivation. They are spread by community-acquired infection of free virus (acqHHV6A/6B) and by germline transmission of inherited chromosomally-integrated HHV-6A/6B (iciHHV-6A/6B) in telomeres. We exploited a hypervariable region of the HHV-6B genome to investigate the relationship between acquired and inherited virus and revealed predominantly maternal… Continue reading

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Fullerenes Enhance Self-Assembly and Electron Injection of Photosystem I in Biophotovoltaic Devices

This paper describes the fabrication of microfluidic devices with a focus on controlling the orientation of photosystem I (PSI) complexes, which directly affects the performance of biophotovoltaic devices by maximizing the efficiency of the extraction of electron/hole pairs from the complexes. The surface chemistry of the electrode on which the complexes assemble plays a critical role in their orientation. We compared the degree of orientation on self-assembled monolayers of phenyl-C(61)-butyric… Continue reading

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Enhanced arm swing improves Parkinsonian gait with EEG power modulations resembling healthy gait

CONCLUSION: Enhanced arm swing may serve as a driving force to overcome impaired gait control in PD patients by restoring reduced ERD-ERS alternation over the putative SMA. Accompanied by increased step length and walking speed, this provides a neural underpinning of arm swing as an effective rehabilitation concept for improving Parkinsonian gait. Continue reading

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Diffusion-enhanced exciton dissociation in single-material organic solar cells

Single-material organic solar cells have recently attracted research attention due to their simplicity, morphological robustness and high yield of exciton dissociation. Using α-sexithiophene as a model system, we show that the single-event probability of the exciton dissociation at the boundaries of polycrystalline domains with different molecular orientation is extremely low (∼0.5%), while a high efficiency of charge generation is gained via hundred-fold crossings of the domain boundaries due… Continue reading

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Norwegian Clinicians’ Experiences of Learnability and Usability of SCID-II, SCID-5-PD and SCID-5-AMPD-I Interviews: A Sequential Multi-Group Qualitative Approach

The DSM-5 presents two competing diagnostic frameworks for personality disorders: the standard categorical model and the Alternative Model of Personality Disorders (AMPD). The AMPD was initially criticized for being too complex and theory laden for clinical implementation. Though inter-rater reliability studies have contested initial claims of the model’s complexity, little attention has been paid to how clinicians experience the usability and learnability of either model. We interviewed twenty… Continue reading

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DeepStrain: A Deep Learning Workflow for the Automated Characterization of Cardiac Mechanics

Myocardial strain analysis from cinematic magnetic resonance imaging (cine-MRI) data provides a more thorough characterization of cardiac mechanics than volumetric parameters such as left-ventricular ejection fraction, but sources of variation including segmentation and motion estimation have limited its wider clinical use. We designed and validated a fast, fully-automatic deep learning (DL) workflow to generate both volumetric parameters and strain measures from cine-MRI data consisting of… Continue reading

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Cytotoxic edema associated with hemorrhage predicts poor outcome after traumatic brain injury

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is rarely used in the acute evaluation of traumatic brain injury (TBI), but may identify findings of clinical importance not detected by computed tomography (CT). We aimed to characterize the association of cytotoxic edema and hemorrhage, including traumatic microbleeds, on MRI obtained within hours of acute head trauma and investigated the relationship to clinical outcomes. Patients prospectively enrolled in the Traumatic Head Injury Neuroimaging Classification… Continue reading

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Tapering antipsychotic medication: practical considerations

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<em>Bacillus cabrialesii</em> BH5 Protects Tomato Plants Against <em>Botrytis cinerea</em> by Production of Specific Antifungal Compounds

The gray mold caused by the phytopathogen Botrytis cinerea presents a threat to global food security. For the biological regulation of several plant diseases, Bacillus species have been extensively studied. In this work, we explore the ability of a bacterial strain, Bacillus cabrialesii BH5, that was isolated from tomato rhizosphere soil, to control the fungal pathogen B. cinerea. Strain B. cabrialesii BH5 showed a strong antifungal activity against B. cinerea. A compound was isolated and… Continue reading

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Exposure to food insecurity increases energy storage and reduces somatic maintenance in European starlings (<em>Sturnus vulgaris</em>)

Birds exposed to food insecurity-defined as temporally variable access to food-respond adaptively by storing more energy. To do this, they may reduce energy allocation to other functions such as somatic maintenance and repair. To investigate this trade-off, we exposed juvenile European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris, n = 69) to 19 weeks of either uninterrupted food availability or a regime where food was unpredictably unavailable for a 5-h period on 5 days each week. Our measures of energy storage… Continue reading

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Molecular assemblies on surfaces: towards physical and electronic decoupling of organic molecules

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Knowledge attribution, socioeconomic status, and education: new results using the Great British Class Survey

This paper presents new evidence on the impact of socioeconomic status (SES) and education on knowledge attribution. I examine a variety of cases, including vignettes where agents have been Gettiered, have false beliefs, and possess knowledge (according to orthodoxy). Early work investigated whether SES might be associated with knowledge attribution (Weinberg et al. in Philos Top 29(1-2):429-460, 2001; Seyedsayamdost in Episteme 12(1):95-116, 2014). But these studies used college education as a… Continue reading

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Mapping Verb Retrieval With nTMS: The Role of Transitivity

Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (nTMS) is used to understand the cortical organization of language in preparation for the surgical removal of a brain tumor. Action naming with finite verbs can be employed for that purpose, providing additional information to object naming. However, little research has focused on the properties of the verbs that are used in action naming tasks, such as their status as transitive (taking an object; e.g., to read) or intransitive (not taking an object;… Continue reading

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