Category Archives: PLoS One

‘He usually has what we call normal fevers’: Cultural perspectives on healthy child growth in rural Southeastern Tanzania: An ethnographic enquiry.

Related Articles
‘He usually has what we call normal fevers’: Cultural perspectives on healthy child growth in rural Southeastern Tanzania: An ethnographic enquiry.
PLoS One. 2019;14(9):e0222231
Authors: Mchome Z, B… Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged | Leave a comment

Return to work after subarachnoid hemorrhage: The influence of cognitive deficits.

Related Articles
Return to work after subarachnoid hemorrhage: The influence of cognitive deficits.
PLoS One. 2019;14(8):e0220972
Authors: Buunk AM, Spikman JM, Metzemaekers JDM, van Dijk JMC, Groen RJM
Abst… Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged | Leave a comment

Obese patients have higher rates of polymicrobial and Gram-negative early periprosthetic joint infections of the hip than non-obese patients.

Related Articles
Obese patients have higher rates of polymicrobial and Gram-negative early periprosthetic joint infections of the hip than non-obese patients.
PLoS One. 2019;14(4):e0215035
Authors: Löwik CAM, Zijls… Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged | Leave a comment

Chronotyping glaucoma patients with the Munich ChronoType Questionnaire: A case-control study.

Related Articles
Chronotyping glaucoma patients with the Munich ChronoType Questionnaire: A case-control study.
PLoS One. 2019;14(3):e0214046
Authors: Bierings RAJM, Gordijn MCM, Jansonius NM
Abstract
Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged | Leave a comment

Trends in polypharmacy and dispensed drugs among adults in the Netherlands as compared to the United States.

Related Articles
Trends in polypharmacy and dispensed drugs among adults in the Netherlands as compared to the United States.
PLoS One. 2019;14(3):e0214240
Authors: Oktora MP, Denig P, Bos JHJ, Schuiling-Veninga CCM… Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged | Leave a comment

Psychosocial factors associated with poor outcomes after amputation for complex regional pain syndrome type-I.

Related Articles
Psychosocial factors associated with poor outcomes after amputation for complex regional pain syndrome type-I.
PLoS One. 2019;14(3):e0213589
Authors: Schrier E, Geertzen JHB, Scheper J, Dijkstra PU
Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged | Leave a comment

Use of infrared thermography in the detection of superficial phlebitis in adult intensive care unit patients: A prospective single-center observational study.

Related Articles
Use of infrared thermography in the detection of superficial phlebitis in adult intensive care unit patients: A prospective single-center observational study.
PLoS One. 2019;14(3):e0213754
Authors: … Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged | Leave a comment

North Sea demersal fisheries prefer specific benthic habitats.

Related Articles
North Sea demersal fisheries prefer specific benthic habitats.
PLoS One. 2018;13(12):e0208338
Authors: van der Reijden KJ, Hintzen NT, Govers LL, Rijnsdorp AD, Olff H
Abstract
INTRO… Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged | Leave a comment

Influence of mirror therapy and motor imagery on intermanual transfer effects in upper-limb prosthesis training of healthy participants: A randomized pre-posttest study.

Related Articles
Influence of mirror therapy and motor imagery on intermanual transfer effects in upper-limb prosthesis training of healthy participants: A randomized pre-posttest study.
PLoS One. 2018;13(10):e0204839
Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged | Leave a comment

Mother’s knowledge on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, Ethiopia: A cross sectional study.

Related Articles
Mother’s knowledge on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, Ethiopia: A cross sectional study.
PLoS One. 2018;13(9):e0203043
Authors: Alemu YM, Habtewold TD, Alemu SM
Abstract
Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged | Leave a comment

An above-knee compression garment does not improve passive knee joint position sense in healthy adults.

Related Articles
An above-knee compression garment does not improve passive knee joint position sense in healthy adults.
PLoS One. 2018;13(9):e0203288
Authors: Négyesi J, Mobark A, Zhang LY, Hortobagyi T, Nagatomi R… Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged | Leave a comment

The establishment of hybrids of the Daphnia longispina complex explained by a mathematical model incorporating different overwintering life history strategies.

The establishment of hybrids of the Daphnia longispina complex explained by a mathematical model incorporating different overwintering life history strategies.
PLoS One. 2018;13(7):e0200802
Authors: Griebel J, Utz M,… Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Impact of clinical severity of stroke on the severity and recovery of visuospatial neglect.

Related Articles
Impact of clinical severity of stroke on the severity and recovery of visuospatial neglect.
PLoS One. 2018;13(7):e0198755
Authors: Nijboer TCW, Winters C, Kollen BJ, Kwakkel G
Abstract
Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Internists’ dilemmas in their interactions with chronically ill patients; A comparison of their interaction strategies and dilemmas in two different medical contexts.

Internists’ dilemmas in their interactions with chronically ill patients; A comparison of their interaction strategies and dilemmas in two different medical contexts.
PLoS One. 2018;13(5):e0194133
Authors: Kromme NMH… Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Mindset switching increases the use of ‘want-based’ over ‘should-based’ behaviors.

Related Articles
Mindset switching increases the use of ‘want-based’ over ‘should-based’ behaviors.
PLoS One. 2018;13(4):e0196269
Authors: Yan J, Zhang NN, Xu DX
Abstract
This study examines the conseq… Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Thiopurine methyltransferase genotype and activity cannot predict outcomes of azathioprine maintenance therapy for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated vasculitis: A retrospective cohort study.

Thiopurine methyltransferase genotype and activity cannot predict outcomes of azathioprine maintenance therapy for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated vasculitis: A retrospective cohort study.
PLoS One. 2018;13(4):… Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Do single people want to date a cancer survivor? A vignette study.

Do single people want to date a cancer survivor? A vignette study.

PLoS One. 2018;13(3):e0194277

Authors: Tuinman MA, Lehmann V, Hagedoorn M

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Qualitative studies indicated that cancer survivors may be worried about finding a partner in the future, but whether this concern is warranted is unknown. We examined single people´s interest in dating a cancer survivor, how they perceive survivors’ traits, and their preferences about the timing of disclosing a cancer history.
METHODS: In three experimental vignette studies, dating website members (n = 324) and college students (n = 138 and n = 131) were randomly assigned to a vignette of a person with or without a history of cancer (experiment 1 & 2), or a cancer survivor beyond or during active follow-up (experiment 3). Respondents rated their interest in dating this fictive person, this person’s traits, and indicated their preferences about the timing of disclosure. ANOVAs with main and interaction effects of condition, gender, and relationship history were conducted, partial eta squared and Cohen’s d were used to estimate the magnitude of effects. Correlations were used to investigate relationships between interest in a date and assessment of traits.
RESULTS: Cancer survivors’ traits were assessed more positively, but interest to date them did not differ from healthy vignettes for both men and women. However, widowed respondents were much less interested in a date with a cancer survivor, and women showed less interest in a cancer survivor during active follow-up relative to survivors beyond follow-up. Most respondents wanted to hear about the cancer diagnosis after a few dates, hardly anyone wanted to hear about this before the first date (2% – 5%).
CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: Cancer survivors do not have to expect any more problems in finding a date than people without a cancer history, and can wait a few dates before disclosing. Survivors dating widowed people and survivors in active follow-up could expect more hesitant reactions and should disclose earlier.

PMID: 29566002 [PubMed – in process]

Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Comparison of different approaches for estimating age-specific alcohol-attributable mortality: The cases of France and Finland.

Comparison of different approaches for estimating age-specific alcohol-attributable mortality: The cases of France and Finland.

PLoS One. 2018;13(3):e0194478

Authors: Trias-Llimós S, Martikainen P, Mäkelä P, Janssen F

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimates of the impact of alcohol on overall and age-specific mortality are crucial for formulating health policies. However, different approaches to estimating alcohol-attributable mortality provide different results, and a detailed comparison of age-specific estimates is missing.
METHODS: Using data on cause of death, alcohol consumption, and relative risks of mortality at different consumption levels, we compare eight estimates of sex- and age-specific alcohol-attributable mortality in France (2010) and Finland (2013): five estimates using cause-of-death approaches (with one accounting for contributory causes), and three estimates using attributable fraction (AF) approaches.
RESULTS: AF-related approaches and the approach based on alcohol-related underlying and contributory causes of death provided estimates of alcohol-attributable mortality that were twice as high as the estimates found using underlying cause-of-death approaches in both countries and sexes. The differences across the methods were greatest among older age groups An inverse U-shape in age-specific alcohol-attributable mortality (peaking at around age 65) was observed for cause-of-death approaches, with this shape being more pronounced in Finland. AF-related approaches resulted in different estimates at older ages: i.e., mortality was found to increase with age in France; whereas in Finland mortality estimates depended on the underlying assumptions regarding the effects of alcohol consumption on cardiovascular mortality.
CONCLUSIONS: While the most detailed approaches (i.e., the AF-related approach and the approach that includes underlying and contributory causes) are theoretically able to provide more accurate estimates of alcohol-attributable mortality, they-especially the AF approaches- depend heavily on data availability and quality. To enhance the reliability of alcohol-attributable mortality estimates, data quality for older age groups needs to be improved.

PMID: 29566081 [PubMed – in process]

Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Individual differences in satisfaction with activity-based work environments.

Related Articles
Individual differences in satisfaction with activity-based work environments.
PLoS One. 2018;13(3):e0193878
Authors: Hoendervanger JG, Ernst AF, Albers CJ, Mobach MP, Van Yperen NW
Abstract
Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Increased fecal calprotectin levels in Crohn’s disease correlate with elevated serum Th1- and Th17-associated cytokines.

Increased fecal calprotectin levels in Crohn’s disease correlate with elevated serum Th1- and Th17-associated cytokines.

PLoS One. 2018;13(2):e0193202

Authors: Bourgonje AR, von Martels JZH, de Vos P, Faber KN, Dijkstra G

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported symptoms and endoscopic disease activity do not correlate well in Crohn’s disease (CD). This warrants the need for reliable biomarkers to early detect active intestinal inflammation. Currently, the fecal calprotectin level is the most commonly used biomarker for inflammatory activity in CD. However, the diagnostic accuracy of the fecal calprotectin level is not fully efficacious and diagnosis may be further improved by the identification of other biomarkers for active CD. Here, we studied the association of a variety of serum disease markers with fecal calprotectin levels in CD patients.
METHODS: 39 CD patients were included and subdivided into ‘normal’ (defined as < 200 mg/kg feces) and ‘increased’ (defined as > 200 mg/kg feces) fecal calprotectin level groups. Serum levels of 37 different cytokines, chemokines and markers for angiogenesis and vascular injury were quantified by an electrochemiluminescence multiplex assay (V-PLEX Human Biomarker 40-Plex Kit of Meso Scale Discovery ®). Correlations between individual biomarkers and the fecal calprotectin level were assessed using Spearman’s correlation coefficient (ρ).
RESULTS: A highly significant positive correlation was observed between the pro-inflammatory serum cytokines IFN-γ and CRP and fecal calprotectin levels (P < 0.01). Moreover, fecal calprotectin levels showed a significant positive correlation with IL-6, TNF-β, SAA and IL-17A (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: We show that a positive correlation exists between multiple serum Th1- and Th17-associated cytokines and the fecal calprotectin level. These cytokines and CRP may serve as additional biomarkers for determining disease activity and evaluating treatment response in CD. Ultimately, this may result in more efficient treatment of active disease in CD patients and prevention of complications.

PMID: 29466406 [PubMed – in process]

Continue reading

Posted in PLoS One | Tagged , | Leave a comment