Category Archives: Behav Res Ther

Between vulnerability and resilience: A network analysis of fluctuations in cognitive risk and protective factors following remission from depression.

Between vulnerability and resilience: A network analysis of fluctuations in cognitive risk and protective factors following remission from depression.
Behav Res Ther. 2019 Jan 23;116:1-9
Authors: Hoorelbeke K, Van… Continue reading

Posted in Behav Res Ther | Tagged | Leave a comment

The presence of your absence: A conditioning theory of grief.

The presence of your absence: A conditioning theory of grief.
Behav Res Ther. 2018 Apr 24;106:18-27
Authors: Boddez Y
Abstract
I present a conditioning theory of grief. From conditioning research on a… Continue reading

Posted in Behav Res Ther | Tagged , | Leave a comment

“If I feel disgusted, I must be getting ill”: emotional reasoning in the context of contamination fear.

Related Articles

“If I feel disgusted, I must be getting ill”: emotional reasoning in the context of contamination fear.

Behav Res Ther. 2013 Mar;51(3):122-7

Authors: Verwoerd J, de Jong PJ, Wessel I, van Hout WJ

Abstract
Patients suffering from anxiety disorders have been shown to infer danger on the basis of their anxiety responses “if I feel anxious, there must be danger.” This tendency logically hampers the identification of false alarms and may thus act in a way to confirm the a priori threat value of the feared stimuli/situations. Since disgust is assumed to play a critical role in the persistence of contamination fears in OCD, the question rises whether individuals suffering from fear of contamination perhaps similarly infer danger on the basis of their disgust response: “If I feel disgusted, it must be contagious.” Therefore, this study tested whether indeed disgust-based reasoning might be involved in fear of contamination. On the basis of the contamination fear subscale of the Padua Inventory (PI), we selected a group of participants scoring higher than the established clinical range (n=31, PI>13) and a group of participants low (n=27, PI<5) in contamination fear. Each participant was presented with a series of 2 times 4 types of scripts that systematically varied in the absence/presence of objective threat of contamination and the absence/presence of the actor’s disgust response. Following each script, participants rated their perceived threat of contamination/illness. In line with the hypothesis that disgust-based reasoning might be involved in fear of contamination, specifically high contamination fearful individuals inferred risk of becoming ill on the basis of experienced disgust (in addition to objective threat), as was evidenced by a significant Group (high vs. low)×Threat (yes vs. no)×Disgust response (yes vs. no) interaction. This finding might not only help to explain the persistence of contamination fears, but also provides some fresh clues to improve currently available treatment options.

PMID: 23337180 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Continue reading

Posted in Behav Res Ther | Leave a comment

Prognostic value of implicit and explicit self-associations for the course of depressive and anxiety disorders.

Related Articles

Prognostic value of implicit and explicit self-associations for the course of depressive and anxiety disorders.

Behav Res Ther. 2012 Aug;50(7-8):479-86

Continue reading

Posted in Behav Res Ther | Tagged | Leave a comment

Threat-related automatic associations in socially anxious adolescents.

Threat-related automatic associations in socially anxious adolescents.

Behav Res Ther. 2011 Aug;49(8):518-22

Authors: de Hullu E, de Jong PJ, Sportel BE, Nauta MH

Continue reading

Posted in Behav Res Ther | Tagged | Leave a comment