Category Archives: Scand J Work Environ Health

A life course perspective on mental health problems, employment, and work outcomes.






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A life course perspective on mental health problems, employment, and work outcomes.

Scand J Work Environ Health. 2017 Jun 01;:

Authors: Veldman K, Reijneveld SA, Verhulst FC, Ortiz JA, Bültmann U

Abstract
Objectives Little is known about how employment and work outcomes among young adults are influenced by their life-course history of mental health problems. Therefore, the aims of this study were to (i) identify trajectories of mental health problems from childhood to young adulthood and (ii) investigate the association between these trajectories and employment and work outcomes among young adults. Methods Data were used from 360 participants of the Tracking Adolescents’ Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS), a Dutch prospective cohort study, with 12-year follow-up. Trajectories of externalizing and internalizing problems were identified with latent class growth models. Employment conditions and work outcomes (ie, psychosocial work characteristics) were measured at age 22. We assessed the association between mental health trajectories and employment conditions and work outcomes. Results Four trajectories of mental health problems were identified: high-stable, decreasing, moderate-stable and low-stable. Young adults with high-stable trajectories of externalizing problems worked over six hours more [B=6.71, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.82-10.6] and had a higher income [odds ratio (OR) 0.33, 95% CI 0.15-0.71], than young adults with low-stable trajectories. Young adults with high-stable trajectories of internalizing problems worked six hours less per week (B=-6.07, 95% CI -10.1- -2.05) and reported lower income (OR 3.44, 95% CI 1.53-7.74) and poorer psychosocial work characteristics, compared to young adults with low-stable trajectories. Conclusions Among young adults who had a paid job at the age of 22 (and were not a student or unemployed), those with a history of internalizing problems are less likely to transition successfully into the labor market, compared to other young adults.

PMID: 28570743 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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The capability set for work: development and validation of a new questionnaire.






The capability set for work: development and validation of a new questionnaire.

Scand J Work Environ Health. 2015 Nov 23;

Authors: Abma FI, Brouwer S, de Vries HJ, Arends I, Robroek SJ, Cuijpers MP, van der Wilt GJ, Bültmann U, van der Klink JJ

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a questionnaire to measure work capabilities based on Amartya Sen’s capability approach and evaluate its validity.
METHODS: The development of the questionnaire was based on a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods: interviews, literature study, and an expert meeting. Additionally, in a survey, the validity was evaluated by means of hypotheses testing (using correlations and regression analyses).
RESULTS: The questionnaire consists of a set of seven capability aspects for work. For each aspect, it is determined whether it is part of a worker’s capability set, ie, when the aspect is considered valuable, is enabled in work, and is realized. The capability set was significantly correlated with work role functioning-flexibility demands (-0,187), work ability (-0.304), work performance (-0.282), worked hours (-0.073), sickness absence (yes/no) (0.098), and sickness absence days (0.105). The capability set and the overall capability item are significantly associated with all work outcomes (P<0.010).
CONCLUSIONS: The new capability set for work questionnaire appears to be a valid instrument to measure work capabilities. The questionnaire is unique because the items include the valued aspects of work and incorporate whether a worker is able to achieve what (s)he values in his/her work. The questionnaire can be used to evaluate the capability set of workers in organizations to identify aspects that need to be addressed in interventions.

PMID: 26618990 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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How do retirement dynamics influence mental well-being in later life? A 10-year panel study.






How do retirement dynamics influence mental well-being in later life? A 10-year panel study.
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2014 Oct 14;
Authors: Dingemans E, Henkens K
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Empirical st… Continue reading






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Individual and work-related predictors of work outcomes related to sustainable employment among male shift and day workers.






Individual and work-related predictors of work outcomes related to sustainable employment among male shift and day workers.

Scand J Work Environ Health. 2013 Oct 16;

Authors: van…

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Predictors of recurrent sickness absence among workers having returned to work after sickness absence due to common mental disorders.






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Predictors of recurrent sickness absence among workers having returned to work after sickness absence due to common mental disorders.

Scand J Work Environ Health….

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Evaluation of the measurement properties of self-reported health-related work-functioning instruments among workers with common mental disorders.






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Evaluation of the measurement properties of self-reported health-related work-functioning instruments among workers with common mental disorders.
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2012 Jan;38(1):5-18
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