Category Archives: Front Psychol

The Index of Cognitive Activity as a Measure of Cognitive Processing Load in Dual Task Settings.

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The Index of Cognitive Activity as a Measure of Cognitive Processing Load in Dual Task Settings.
Front Psychol. 2018;9:2276
Authors: Vogels J, Demberg V, Kray J
Abstract
Increases i… Continue reading

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The Timing and Effort of Lexical Access in Natural and Degraded Speech.

The Timing and Effort of Lexical Access in Natural and Degraded Speech.

Front Psychol. 2016;7:398

Authors: Wagner AE, Toffanin P, Başkent D

Abstract
Understanding speech is effortless in ideal situations, and although adverse conditions, such as caused by hearing impairment, often render it an effortful task, they do not necessarily suspend speech comprehension. A prime example of this is speech perception by cochlear implant users, whose hearing prostheses transmit speech as a significantly degraded signal. It is yet unknown how mechanisms of speech processing deal with such degraded signals, and whether they are affected by effortful processing of speech. This paper compares the automatic process of lexical competition between natural and degraded speech, and combines gaze fixations, which capture the course of lexical disambiguation, with pupillometry, which quantifies the mental effort involved in processing speech. Listeners’ ocular responses were recorded during disambiguation of lexical embeddings with matching and mismatching durational cues. Durational cues were selected due to their substantial role in listeners’ quick limitation of the number of lexical candidates for lexical access in natural speech. Results showed that lexical competition increased mental effort in processing natural stimuli in particular in presence of mismatching cues. Signal degradation reduced listeners’ ability to quickly integrate durational cues in lexical selection, and delayed and prolonged lexical competition. The effort of processing degraded speech was increased overall, and because it had its sources at the pre-lexical level this effect can be attributed to listening to degraded speech rather than to lexical disambiguation. In sum, the course of lexical competition was largely comparable for natural and degraded speech, but showed crucial shifts in timing, and different sources of increased mental effort. We argue that well-timed progress of information from sensory to pre-lexical and lexical stages of processing, which is the result of perceptual adaptation during speech development, is the reason why in ideal situations speech is perceived as an undemanding task. Degradation of the signal or the receiver channel can quickly bring this well-adjusted timing out of balance and lead to increase in mental effort. Incomplete and effortful processing at the early pre-lexical stages has its consequences on lexical processing as it adds uncertainty to the forming and revising of lexical hypotheses.

PMID: 27065901 [PubMed]

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The General Movement Assessment Helps Us to Identify Preterm Infants at Risk for Cognitive Dysfunction.

The General Movement Assessment Helps Us to Identify Preterm Infants at Risk for Cognitive Dysfunction.

Front Psychol. 2016;7:406

Authors: Einspieler C, Bos AF, Libertus…

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The Possible Antecedents and Consequences of Matching of Food Intake: Examining the Role of Trait Self-Esteem and Interpersonal Closeness.

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The Possible Antecedents and Consequences of Matching of Food Intake: Examining the Role of Trait Self-Esteem and Interpersonal Closeness.

Front Psychol….

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Incorporating measurement error in n = 1 psychological autoregressive modeling.

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Incorporating measurement error in n = 1 psychological autoregressive modeling.
Front Psychol. 2015;6:1038
Authors: Schuurman NK, Houtveen JH, Hamaker EL
Abstract
Measurement error is … Continue reading

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A trial studying approach to predict college achievement.

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A trial studying approach to predict college achievement.
Front Psychol. 2015;6:887
Authors: Meijer RR, Niessen AS
Abstract
We argue that using trial studying is a reliable and valid w… Continue reading

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Understanding the human dimensions of a sustainable energy transition.

Understanding the human dimensions of a sustainable energy transition.
Front Psychol. 2015;6:805
Authors: Steg L, Perlaviciute G, van der Werff E
Abstract
Global climate change threatens the health, e… Continue reading

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Musical hallucinations: review of treatment effects.

Musical hallucinations: review of treatment effects.
Front Psychol. 2015;6:814
Authors: Coebergh JA, Lauw RF, Bots R, Sommer IE, Blom JD
Abstract
Background: Despite an increased scientific interest i… Continue reading

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A theory of social thermoregulation in human primates.

A theory of social thermoregulation in human primates.
Front Psychol. 2015;6:464
Authors: IJzerman H, Coan JA, Wagemans FM, Missler MA, van Beest I, Lindenberg S, Tops M
Abstract
Beyond breathing, the… Continue reading

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Cognition from life: the two modes of cognition that underlie moral behavior.

Cognition from life: the two modes of cognition that underlie moral behavior.
Front Psychol. 2015;6:362
Authors: Andringa TC, Bosch KA, Wijermans N
Abstract
We argue that the capacity to live life to … Continue reading

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Parsing (malicious) pleasures: schadenfreude and gloating at others’ adversity.

Parsing (malicious) pleasures: schadenfreude and gloating at others’ adversity.
Front Psychol. 2015;6:201
Authors: Leach CW, Spears R, Manstead AS
Abstract
We offer the first empirical comparison of t… Continue reading

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Mindfulness training promotes upward spirals of positive affect and cognition: multilevel and autoregressive latent trajectory modeling analyses.

Mindfulness training promotes upward spirals of positive affect and cognition: multilevel and autoregressive latent trajectory modeling analyses.
Front Psychol. 2015;6:15
Authors: Garland EL, Geschwind N, Peeters F, … Continue reading

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An exploratory study into the effects of extraordinary nature on emotions, mood, and prosociality.

An exploratory study into the effects of extraordinary nature on emotions, mood, and prosociality.
Front Psychol. 2014;5:1577
Authors: Joye Y, Bolderdijk JW
Abstract
Environmental psychology research … Continue reading

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Measurement bias detection through Bayesian factor analysis.

Measurement bias detection through Bayesian factor analysis.
Front Psychol. 2014;5:1087
Authors: Barendse MT, Albers CJ, Oort FJ, Timmerman ME
Abstract
Measurement bias has been defined as a violation… Continue reading

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Mind the level: problems with two recent nation-level analyses in psychology.

Mind the level: problems with two recent nation-level analyses in psychology.
Front Psychol. 2014;5:1110
Authors: Kuppens T, Pollet TV
PMID: 25324812 [PubMed]

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An ERP study on L2 syntax processing: When do learners fail?

An ERP study on L2 syntax processing: When do learners fail?
Front Psychol. 2014;5:1072
Authors: Meulman N, Stowe LA, Sprenger SA, Bresser M, Schmid MS
Abstract
Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) c… Continue reading

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It’s time to take the psychology of biological time into account: speed of driving affects a trip’s subjective duration.

It’s time to take the psychology of biological time into account: speed of driving affects a trip’s subjective duration.
Front Psychol. 2014;5:1028
Authors: van Rijn H
PMID: 25278918 [PubMed]

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Social values as arguments: similar is convincing.

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Social values as arguments: similar is convincing.

Front Psychol. 2014;5:829

Authors: Maio GR, Hahn U, Frost JM, Kuppens T, Rehman N, Kamble S

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“When the going gets tough, who keeps going?” Depletion sensitivity moderates the ego-depletion effect.

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“When the going gets tough, who keeps going?” Depletion sensitivity moderates the ego-depletion effect.

Front Psychol. 2014;5:647

Authors: …

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What’s hampering measurement invariance: detecting non-invariant items using clusterwise simultaneous component analysis.

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What’s hampering measurement invariance: detecting non-invariant items using clusterwise simultaneous component analysis.

Front Psychol. 2014;5:604

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