Author Archives: Bosscher MR, van Leeuwen BL, Hoekstra HJ

Current management of surgical oncologic emergencies.

OBJECTIVES: For some oncologic emergencies, surgical interventions are necessary for dissolution or temporary relieve. In the absence of guidelines, the most optimal method for decision making would be in a multidisciplinary cancer conference (MCC). In… Continue reading

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Current Management of Surgical Oncologic Emergencies.

Current Management of Surgical Oncologic Emergencies.
PLoS One. 2015;10(5):e0124641
Authors: Bosscher MR, van Leeuwen BL, Hoekstra HJ
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: For some oncologic emergencies, surgical inte… Continue reading

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Mortality in Emergency Surgical Oncology.

Mortality in Emergency Surgical Oncology.

Ann Surg Oncol. 2014 Oct 25;

Authors: Bosscher MR, van Leeuwen BL, Hoekstra HJ

Abstract
PURPOSE: Cancer patients can experience problems related to their disease or treatment. This study evaluated reasons for presentation at the emergency room (ER) and outcome of surgical oncology patients.
METHODS: A retrospective chart review for all surgical oncology patients who presented at the ER of the UMCG for surgical consultation between October 1, 2012, and March 31, 2013.
RESULTS: A total of 200 cancer patients visited the ER for surgical consultation: 53.5 % with complications of (previous) cancer treatment, 25.5 % with symptoms caused by malignant disease, and 21.0 % with symptoms not related to cancer or cancer treatment. The 30-day mortality rate for patients with progressive disease was 25.5 %, and overall mortality rate was 62.8 %. The most frequent reason for ER presentation was intestinal obstruction (26.5 %), of which 41.5 % was malignant. Most cancer patients (59.5 %) did not undergo surgery during follow-up. The 30-day mortality for these patients was 14.3 % and overall mortality was 37.8 %. Most patients who died within the first 30 days after ER presentation had not undergone any surgery after presentation (89.5 %).
CONCLUSIONS: There is great variation in mortality rates for cancer patients presenting at the ER for surgical consultation. The mortality in this study was greatest for patients with progressive disease (30-day mortality 25.5 % and overall mortality 62.8 %), and the majority of patients who died within 30 days (89.5 %) had not undergone surgery after ER presentation. Surgery should only be performed in the acute setting when essential and when the expected outcome is favorable for the patient.

PMID: 25344307 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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Surgical emergencies in oncology.

Related Articles
Surgical emergencies in oncology.
Cancer Treat Rev. 2014 Sep;40(8):1028-36
Authors: Bosscher MR, van Leeuwen BL, Hoekstra HJ
Abstract
An oncologic emergency is defined as an acute, po… Continue reading

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